Eight villages in Kibera, Nairobi - Makina, Lindi, Gatwekera, Kisumu Ndogo, Soweto West, Raila, Silanga, and Laini Saba.
2016 - 2020
Kibera is one of the largest informal settlements in Africa, and most residents live in extreme poverty with little access to electricity, running water and medical care.
The baseline study conducted at the start of our programme in 2016 found that 46% of young people in Kibera smoked (with 70% citing peer pressure as the main driver) and 66% drank alcohol.
Carbohydrates (mainly chips) were the main source of nutrition for 60% and many reported spending an average of nearly three hours on a typical day ‘just sitting’.
To reach 83,000 young people (aged 10-24) directly and, through and with them, a further 286,000 family members, policy makers, teachers and health professionals.
Health and gender equality, increasing understanding and awareness of NCD risk behaviours and improving their ability to make informed choices and protect their health, now and in the future.
The programme provides information and resources on the prevention of NCDs and on improving sexual and reproductive health targeted at young people. We are working with local schools and organisations to develop community events – such as drama, debates, competitions, school fairs, fun days - that build awareness of NCD risks.
Community role models are trained to become spokespeople and Peer Educators to conduct outreach activities with other young people.
The programme works with Peer Educators and local stakeholders (community leaders, teachers, health service providers, health workers) to raise awareness and provide support; to introduce youth friendly services in existing health facilities; and to advocate for government policies and services that are responsive to the health risks and rights of young people.
Between the programme launch in January 2016 and December 2017, 30,014 young people were reached directly through outreach activities led by Peer Educators through one-on-one sessions, small groups and school health clubs held in 47 primary and secondary schools.
29,929 community members have participated in awareness-building activity, including street theatres, football tournaments, fun days and school gala events.
The YHP has organised community dialogue sessions and trained 129 community leaders (including village chiefs and elders, religious leaders and youth leaders) on NCD risk behaviours, ASRH and gender equality. 54 community-based health workers and volunteers, and 19 teachers have been trained in protecting and promoting the health and gender equality of adolescent boys and girls.
Adolescent-friendly services have been introduced into 20 existing health facilities.
39 young people have been trained as Peer Educators - leading outreach activity with other young people, and eight local role models identified and trained to mobilise young people and act as mentors.
A further 47 young people have been trained as youth advocates to deliver local advocacy on NCDs. A number of these youth advocates have represented the voices of young people at County and sub-County level. Five youth advocates participated in the 1st “Urban Thinkers Campus” – a youth conference on positive urban transformation attended by health department officials and health service providers at the United Nations Offices. Three youth advocates participated in the One Young World Forum in Colombia in 2917, exchanging ideas and learning from fellow advocates from around the world.
Health themed radio talked shows were aired live on two popular local radio stations. 17 broadcasts have reached more than 1.5million young people in Kibera, and a WhatsApp group has been established to facilitate information sharing.
Peter has lived in Gatwekera for all of his 26 years and knows its problems first hand. His mother brought him up on her own and, when he was eight, a traffic accident made his right arm useless. Peter ignored the people who taunted him about his disability; taught himself to write with his left hand; studied hard and won a scholarship to read Theology at University – and then went straight back to Gatwekera as a volunteer to teach other children growing up in similar conditions.
Peter’s involvement as a Peer Educator with YHP transformed his self-confidence and has helped propel him on his ‘great journey’. Where once he was isolated at school he now knows ‘how to gather a group of people and how to speak with them about the risk behaviours’ and he put these skills to good use, ‘I am changing the lives of young people…I can feel it’, he says.
The future for Peter is bright. His ambition is to find a full-time job helping people in Gatwekera and other parts of Kibera. With his determination and new confidence and skills he looks to be well on his way to achieving this ambition.
Plan Kenya advances children’s rights and equality for girls
Ananda Marga Universal Relief Team (AMURT) helps communities to realise their full development potential and attain the highest possible health standards through community-based programmes. They are implementing outreach activities through Peer Educators and helping to mainstream adolescent sexual and reproductive health services in existing health facilities.