The Azcapotzalco, Iztapalapa, Iztacalco, and Gustavo A Madero districts of Mexico City, with a combined population of almost four million people.
The local context
Mexico is an upper middle- income country, however, it is also one of the most unequal.
Childhood obesity and teenage pregnancy are especial health challenges. Obesity and overweight have been growing fast in recent years and 15% of male and 12% of female children aged 10-15 were obese in 2015.
The country has the highest rate of adolescent pregnancy among OECD countries.
Most of the Mexican population relies on the public sector for their healthcare, but a national study showed significant barriers to access for adolescents.
In January 2014, Mexico introduced specific taxes on energy dense foods and sugar-sweetened beverages. In its first year, consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks dropped on average by 6%, and most sharply in the lowest income households, according to research published in the BMJ.
The goal of the YHP in Mexico is to ensure that young people, aged 10-24 years, practice fewer risk behaviours due to:
- increased knowledge, skills and capacity
- improved youth- friendly health services
- an enabling support system and policy environment
The direct beneficiaries of the programme are 46,000 young people aged 10-24 living in the four Mexico City areas, plus parents, teachers, women, community leaders and healthcare professionals.
A further 100,000 indirect beneficiaries will be reached via campaigns, community events, Facebook and other media.
YHP Mexico centres on the use of peer-educators (PEs) who
- help other young people to identify challenges in making healthier life choices,
- impart critical knowledge and skills to enable their peers to make choices that promote health and wellbeing,
- serve as role models for young people that can influence more positive behaviours,
- connect young people to available services and resources in their communities.
Some PEs will receive training and act as advocates and champions for more youth-friendly policies and services.
The programme works through:
- Primary schools (ages 10-12) and secondary schools, reaching young people up to 18.ages 10-18.
- Universities in partnership with related fields of study, such as public health, pre-medicine, psychology, and other social sciences. University PEs will be responsible for targeting young people aged 18-24.
- In each area at least one community-based YHP Club for young people aged 10-24, to include out-of- school and other vulnerable youth in the programme.
Jose Manuel Besares Lopez, MPH YHP Scholar, & OYW Coordinating Ambassador for Central America
Project HOPE is a global health and humanitarian relief organisation committed to transforming lives and uplifting communities by empowering healthcare workers to implement and teach innovative lifesaving solutions.
Yo Quiero, Yo Puedo is a Mexican civil society organisation, founded in 1985, that empowers individuals, helping them to develop behaviours to take control of their lives and fully develop their potential.
 The World Bank, World Bank Country and Lending Groups. Available at https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/906519-world-bank-country-and-lending-groups
 CIA, 2019, The World Factbook. Available at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2172rank.html
 WHO, 2018, Noncommunicable Diseases Country Profiles 2018. Available at https://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd-profiles-2018/en/
 OECD (2009), Doing Better for Children. Accessed at http://www.oecd.org/social/family/doingbetterforchildren.htm
 Villalobos, A., Allen-Leigh, B., Salazar-Alberto, J., De Castro, F., et al. (2017). Quality of reproductive healthcare for adolescents: A nationally representative survey of providers in Mexico. PLoS One. 12(3): e0173342. Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5342221/pdf/pone.0173342.pdf
 Arantxa Colchero M, Popkin BM, Rivera, JA et al 2016, Beverage purchases from stores in Mexico under the excise tax on sugar sweetened beverages: observational study, BMJ 2016;352:h6704. Available at https://www.bmj.com/content/352/bmj.h6704